St. Petersburg

St. Petersburg

St. Petersburg, Russia

From its founding by the Tsar Peter the Great in 1703 to 1914 the city was called Saint Petersburg or St. Petersburg.

During World War I where Germany and Russia fought each other, the name of the city was Russified into Petrograd by replacing the German ending –burg with the Russian –grad, both meaning city.

The city was renamed Leningrad after Lenin’s death in 1924, then the name reverted to Saint Petersburg in 1991 after the Soviet Union ceased to exist.

After the Bolshevik Revolution it was also known as the ‘cradle of Revolution.’

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