This Russian word can be a noun or an adjective.

As a noun, it’s a calque (loan translation) of the German word Rat and has several meanings:



–council —

Soviet (worker’s council) was the name of the grassroots political organization of workers in Russia that the Bolsheviks eventually took over with a demand “all power to the Soviets.”

As an adjective, Soviet describes something or someone related to the Soviet Union. For example, Soviet people, Soviet cars.

In English, one can say “this person is a Soviet.” In Russian, there was no one-word nationality Soviet. Outside the country one would say “citizen of the Soviet Union.” Inside the country, the nationality was entered on the internal passports and reflected ethnicity of parents or one of the parents if they belonged to different ethnicities.

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